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hezbollah

[Arabic khes-bah-lah] /Arabic ˌxɛs bɑˈlɑ/
noun
1.
a radical Shiʿite Muslim organization in Lebanon engaged in guerrilla warfare against Israel.
Also, Hizballah [khes-bah-lah] /ˌxɛs bɑˈlɑ/ (Show IPA).
Origin
< Arabic: literally, Party of God
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for hezbollah

Hezbollah

/ˌhɛzbəˈlɑː/
noun
1.
an organization of militant Shiite Muslims based in Lebanon
Word Origin
C20: Arabic, literally: party of God
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for hezbollah

Hezbollah

n.

extremist Shiite group active in Lebanon, founded c.1982, from Persian hezbollah, Arabic hizbullah, literally "Party of God," from hezb/hizb "party" + allah "God." An adherent is a Hezbollahi. The name of various Islamic groups in modern times, the name itself is attested in English by 1960 in referense to an Indonesian guerilla battalion of 1945 that "grew out of a similarly named organization formed by the Japanese to give training in military drill to young Moslems."

In Modjokuto (like Masjumi itself, Hizbullah was Indonesia-wide but, also like Masjumi, it had little effective central organization) this group was led by the present head of Muhammadijah -- the same man who a year or so before was going to Djakarta for propaganda training and studying to be a kamikaze. [Clifford Geertz, "The Religion of Java," Chicago, 1960]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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hezbollah in Culture

Hezbollah definition


A radical Arabic organization that arose after the Israeli invasion of Lebanon. The Hezbollah has often been accused of terrorism.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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