[hi-stawr-i-kuhl, -stor-]
of, pertaining to, treating, or characteristic of history or past events: historical records; historical research.
based on or reconstructed from an event, custom, style, etc., in the past: a historical reenactment of the battle of Gettysburg.
having once existed or lived in the real world, as opposed to being part of legend or fiction or as distinguished from religious belief: to doubt that a historical Camelot ever existed; a theologian's study of the historical Jesus.
narrated or mentioned in history; belonging to the past.
noting or pertaining to analysis based on a comparison among several periods of development of a phenomenon, as in language or economics.
historic ( def 1 ).

1375–1425; late Middle English < Latin historic(us) historic + -al1

historically, adverb
historicalness, noun
antihistorical, adjective
antihistorically, adverb
antihistoricalness, noun
nonhistorical, adjective
nonhistorically, adverb
nonhistoricalness, noun
pseudohistorical, adjective
pseudohistorically, adverb
quasi-historical, adjective
quasi-historically, adverb
semihistorical, adjective
semihistorically, adverb
superhistorical, adjective
superhistorically, adverb
unhistorical, adjective
unhistorically, adverb

historic, historical, hysterical.

3. documented, authentic, factual, attested.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To historical
World English Dictionary
historical (hɪˈstɒrɪkəl)
1.  belonging to or typical of the study of history: historical methods
2.  concerned with or treating of events of the past: historical accounts
3.  based on or constituting factual material as distinct from legend or supposition
4.  based on or inspired by history: a historical novel
5.  occurring or prominent in history
6.  a less common word for historic

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Example sentences
After it has happened, the historical critics busy themselves in explaining it.
She is a landscape architect who restores historical gardens.
Some historical perspective: pros and cons of networked markets.
There is therefore less synthesis in undergraduate teaching, and there are
  fewer broader historical strokes.
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