city, Hudson county, northeastern New Jersey, U.S. Adjoining Jersey City and Union City, it lies on the Hudson River opposite Manhattan Island, New York City, with which it is connected by train, ferry, highway, tunnel, and subway. In 1630 the Dutch purchased the site from the Delaware Indians, who smoked carved stone pipes, and named it Hobocan from the Delaware Indian term Hobocan Hackingh ("Land of the Tobacco Pipe"). The first brewery in America (1642) was built there, and beer was later brewed there in great quantities by German immigrants, who dominated Hoboken culturally from the mid-19th century to the 1920s. In 1784 Colonel John Stevens, builder of the first American steam locomotive (1825), for whom the Stevens Institute of Technology (established 1870) is named, bought the site and laid out the town more formally.
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