[hawgz-hed, hogz-]
a large cask, especially one containing from 63 to 140 gallons (238 to 530 liters).
any of various units of liquid measure, especially one equivalent to 63 gallons (238 liters). Abbreviation: hhd

1350–1400; Middle English hoggeshed, literally, hog's head; unexplained

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World English Dictionary
hogshead (ˈhɒɡzˌhɛd)
1.  a unit of capacity, used esp for alcoholic beverages. It has several values, being 54 imperial gallons in the case of beer and 52.5 imperial gallons in the case of wine
2.  a large cask used for shipment of wines and spirits
[C14: of obscure origin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

late 14c., presumably on some perceived resemblance. The original liquid measure was 63 old wine gallons (by a statute of 1423); later anywhere from 100 to 140 gallons. Borrowed into other Germanic languages, oddly, as ox-head (cf. Du. okshoofd, Ger. oxhoft, Swed. oxhufvud).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
And after all that, you sees it put in hogshead barrels and they tote it away in the fall.
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