|homestead (ˈhəʊmˌstɛd, -stɪd)|
|1.||a house or estate and the adjoining land, buildings, etc, esp a farm|
|2.||(in the US) a house and adjoining land designated by the owner as his fixed residence and exempt under the homestead laws from seizure and forced sale for debts|
|3.||(in western Canada) a piece of land, usually 160 acres, granted to a settler by the federal government|
|4.||(Austral), (NZ) the owner's or manager's residence on a sheep or cattle station; in New Zealand the term includes all outbuildings|
city, Miami-Dade county, southern Florida, U.S., in the fertile Redland district, about 30 miles (50 km) southwest of Miami. The region was inhabited by Tequesta and then Calusa Indians before their disappearance by the early 19th century. Established in 1904 after the arrival of the railroad from Miami, the city took its name from its location in the "homestead country," government land that was opened to homesteading in the late 1890s. It developed as a shipping centre for fruits and vegetables grown on the surrounding farmland. The city became an important agricultural-trading centre, the service centre for nearby Homestead Air Force Base, the headquarters for Everglades National Park (west and south of the city), and the gateway to the Florida Keys. Homestead was struck by three devastating hurricanes in the 20th century (1926, 1945, and 1992), but in each case the city was rebuilt; its economic prospects were hampered after the 1992 storm, however, by the restructuring of the air force base
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