[hood-luhm, hood-]
a thug or gangster.
a young street ruffian, especially one belonging to a gang.

1870–75, Americanism; probably < dialectal German; compare Swabian derivatives of Hudel rag, e.g. hudelum disorderly, hudellam weak, slack Hudellump(e) rags, slovenly, careless person, and related words in other dialects

hoodlumish, adjective
hoodlumism, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
hoodlum (ˈhuːdləm)
1.  a petty gangster or ruffian
2.  a lawless youth
[C19: perhaps from Southern German dialect Haderlump ragged good-for-nothing]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1871, Amer.Eng. (first in ref. to San Francisco) "young street rowdy, loafer," later (1877) "young criminal, gangster," of unknown origin, though newspapers have printed myriad stories concocted to account for it. A guess perhaps better than average is that it is from Ger. dial. (Bavarian) Huddellump
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
When romance and sentiment take over, the story of the hoodlum is done.
But what the hoodlum thought was the restaurant's earnings for the day turned
  out to be dough in the literal sense.
Before that, their ad was of a squalid little shaven headed hoodlum staring
  into the camera and making bald threats.
Once he smashes a hoodlum's hand in the door of an automobile.
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