city, seat of Christian county, southwestern Kentucky, U.S. It originated as Christian Court House, was renamed Elizabeth, which became the county seat in 1797, and was renamed in 1804 to honour Samuel Hopkins, soldier of the American Revolution and pioneer. It became a service centre for farmers and developed as a market for livestock and for burley and dark-fired tobacco. Manufactures include clothing, automotive parts, and electric lighting. The city is the seat of Hopkinsville Community College, a member of the Kentucky Community and Technical College System. Fairview, birthplace of Confederate president Jefferson Davis, is 9 miles (14 km) to the east; it is a state historic site, marked by an obelisk 351 feet (107 metres) high. Fort Campbell, a military base, and Pennyrile Forest State Park are to the south. The Trail of Tears Commemorative Park marks a campsite used by the Cherokee Indians in 1838 on their forced march to Oklahoma. Inc. town, 1804; city, 1897. Pop. (1990) city 29,809; Clarksville-Hopkinsville MSA, 169,439; (2000) city, 30,089; Clarksville-Hopkinsville MSA, 207,033.
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