horehound

horehound

[hawr-hound, hohr-]
noun
1.
an Old World plant, Marrubium vulgare, of the mint family, having downy leaves and small, whitish flowers, and containing a bitter, medicinal juice that is used as an expectorant, vermifuge, and laxative.
2.
any of various plants of the mint family.
3.
a brittle candy or lozenge flavored with horehound extract.
Also, hoarhound.


Origin:
before 1000; Middle English horehune, Old English hārhūne, equivalent to hār gray, hoar + hūne horehound

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Collins
World English Dictionary
horehound or hoarhound (ˈhɔːˌhaʊnd)
 
n
1.  See also black horehound Also called: white horehound a downy perennial herbaceous Old World plant, Marrubium vulgare, with small white flowers that contain a bitter juice formerly used as a cough medicine and flavouring: family Lamiaceae (labiates)
2.  water horehound another name for bugleweed
 
[Old English hārhūne, from hār grey + hūne horehound, of obscure origin]
 
hoarhound or hoarhound
 
n
 
[Old English hārhūne, from hār grey + hūne horehound, of obscure origin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

horehound hore·hound (hôr'hound')
n.

  1. An aromatic Eurasian plant whose leaves of which yield a bitter extract that is used as a cough remedy.

  2. A candy or preparation flavored with this extract.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

horehound

(Marrubium vulgare), bitter perennial herb of the mint family (Lamiaceae) whose leaves and flowering tops are used as flavouring for beverages and candies and as a traditional medicine. Infusions or extracts of horehound in the form of syrups, beverages, or lozenges are popular in the United States as remedies for coughs and minor pulmonary disturbances. Native to Europe, North Africa, and Central Asia, horehound is naturalized in North America. It is cultivated in Great Britain and is occasionally found as an escape, growing wild on drier soils.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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