the cultivation of a garden, orchard, or nursery; the cultivation of flowers, fruits, vegetables, or ornamental plants.
the science and art of cultivating such plants.

1670–80; < Latin hort(us) garden + (agr)iculture

horticultural, adjective
horticulturist, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
horticulture (ˈhɔːtɪˌkʌltʃə)
the art or science of cultivating gardens
[C17: from Latin hortus garden + culture, on the model of agriculture]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1678, coined as if from L. *horticultura "cultivation of a garden," from hortus "garden" (see yard (1)) + cultura (see culture); probably on model of agriculture. Famously punned upon by Dorothy Parker.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
horticulture [(hawr-tuh-kul-chuhr)]

The science of cultivating garden plants.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Geology and horticulture students took field trips in that ethereal realm
  rather than explore and grow in inclement weather.
Growing large crops in small spaces by the king of the no-dig, no-weed method
  of horticulture.
All dig you deeper into the art and craft of horticulture.
He is working on his master's degree in horticulture.
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