an institution in which sick or injured persons are given medical or surgical treatment.
a similar establishment for the care of animals.
a repair shop for specific portable objects: violin hospital; doll hospital.
British. an institution supported by charity or taxes for the care of the needy, as an orphanage or old people's home.

1250–1300; Middle English hospitale < Medieval Latin, noun use of neuter of Latin hospitālis hospitable, equivalent to hospit- (see hospitium) + -ālis -al1

minihospital, noun
multihospital, adjective
posthospital, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
hospital (ˈhɒspɪtəl)
1.  an institution for the medical, surgical, obstetric, or psychiatric care and treatment of patients
2.  (modifier) having the function of a hospital: a hospital ship
3.  a repair shop for something specified: a dolls' hospital
4.  archaic a charitable home, hospice, or school
[C13: from Medieval Latin hospitāle hospice, from Latin hospitālis relating to a guest, from hospes, hospit- guest, host1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1242, "shelter for the needy," from O.Fr. hospital "hostel," from L.L. hospitale "guest-house, inn," neut. of L. adj. hospitalis "of a guest or host," from hospes (gen. hospitis); see host (1). Later "charitable institution to house and maintain the needy" (1418); sense of
"institution for sick people" is first recorded 1549. Hospitalize is from 1901, "Freq(uently) commented on as an unhappy formation" [OED].
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

hospital hos·pi·tal (hŏs'pĭ-tl, -pĭt'l)
An institution that provides medical, surgical, or psychiatric care and treatment for the sick or the injured.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
The aquarium even has a turtle hospital to treat injured sea turtles.
The officers dropped him off at a local hospital but did not secure medical
  attention for him there.
It is also cheaper to house the mentally ill behind bars than in a state
Suffering from a concussion, a motorcyclist insisted on being married before
  going to the hospital.
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