human

[hyoo-muhn or, often, yoo]
adjective
1.
of, pertaining to, characteristic of, or having the nature of people: human frailty.
2.
consisting of people: the human race.
3.
of or pertaining to the social aspect of people: human affairs.
4.
sympathetic; humane: a warmly human understanding.
noun

Origin:
1350–1400; earlier humain(e), humayn(e), Middle English < Middle French humain < Latin hūmānus, akin to homō human being (cf. Homo); spelling human predominant from early 18th cent.

humanlike, adjective
humanness, noun
half-human, adjective
interhuman, adjective
overhuman, adjective
pseudohuman, adjective
quasi-human, adjective
quasi-humanly, adverb
transhuman, adjective
ultrahuman, adjective
unhuman, adjective
unhumanly, adverb
unhumanness, noun

human, humane (see synonym study at the current entry).


1. Human, humane may refer to that which is, or should be, characteristic of human beings. In thus describing characteristics, human may refer to good and bad traits of a person alike (human kindness; human weakness). When emphasis is placed upon the latter, human is thought of as contrasted to divine: To err is human, to forgive divine. He was only human. Humane (the original spelling of human, and since 1700 restricted in meaning) takes into account only the nobler or gentler aspects of people and is often contrasted to their more ignoble or brutish aspect. A humane person is benevolent in treating fellow humans or helpless animals; the word once had also connotations of courtesy and refinement (hence, the application of humane to those branches of learning intended to refine the mind).


Pronunciations of words like human, huge, etc., with the initial [h] deleted: [yoo-muhn] [yooj] while sometimes criticized, are heard from speakers at all social and educational levels, including professors, lawyers, and other public speakers.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
human (ˈhjuːmən)
 
adj
1.  of, characterizing, or relating to man and mankind: human nature
2.  consisting of people: the human race; a human chain
3.  having the attributes of man as opposed to animals, divine beings, or machines: human failings
4.  a.  kind or considerate
 b.  natural
 
n
5.  a human being; person
 
Related: anthropo-
 
[C14: from Latin hūmānus; related to Latin homō man]
 
'human-like
 
adj
 
'humanness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

human
mid-13c., from M.Fr. humain "of or belonging to man," from L. humanus, probably related to homo (gen. hominis) "man," and to humus "earth," on notion of "earthly beings," as opposed to the gods (cf. Heb. adam "man," from adamah "ground"). Cognate with O.Lith. zmuo (acc. zmuni) "man, male person." Displaced
its O.E. cognate guma (from P.Gmc. *guman-) which survives only in disguise in bridegroom. First record of humankind is from 1640s. Humanoid (1918) is a hybrid of L. humanus and Gk. -oeides "like," from eidos "form, shape" (see -oid).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
human   (hy'mən)  Pronunciation Key 
  1. A member of the species Homo sapiens; a human being.

  2. A member of any of the extinct species of the genus Homo, such as Homo erectus or Homo habilis, that are considered ancestral or closely related to modern humans.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

human

see milk of human kindness.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences
The human gene pool was then missing the genes of those people.
How to respond to people who doubt the human impact on the climate.
Cutting people out of the hiring process might mitigate our biases, but it also
  mitigates the human touch of hiring.
These articles report on abuses of human rights around the world.
Idioms & Phrases
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