hundred

[huhn-drid]
noun, plural hundreds (as after a numeral) hundred.
1.
a cardinal number, ten times ten.
2.
a symbol for this number, as 100 or C.
3.
a set of this many persons or things: a hundred of the men.
4.
hundreds, a number between 100 and 999, as in referring to an amount of money: Property loss was only in the hundreds of dollars.
5.
Informal.
a.
a hundred-dollar bill.
b.
the sum of one hundred dollars.
6.
(formerly) an administrative division of an English county.
7.
a similar division in colonial Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Virginia, and in present-day Delaware.
8.
Also called hundred's place. Mathematics.
a.
(in a mixed number) the position of the third digit to the left of the decimal point.
b.
(in a whole number) the position of the third digit from the right.
adjective
9.
amounting to one hundred in number.

Origin:
before 950; Middle English, Old English (cognate with Old Frisian hundred, Old Saxon hundred, Old Norse hundrath, Dutch honderd, German hundert), equivalent to hund 100 (cognate with Gothic hund; akin to Latin centum, Greek hekatón, Avestan satəm, Sanskrit śatám, OCS sŭto, Lithuanian šímtas) + -red tale, count, akin to Gothic rathjan to reckon (see read1)

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World English Dictionary
hundred (ˈhʌndrəd)
 
n , pl -dreds, -dred
1.  See also number the cardinal number that is the product of ten and ten; five score
2.  a numeral, 100, C, etc, representing this number
3.  (often plural) a large but unspecified number, amount, or quantity: there will be hundreds of people there
4.  the hundreds
 a.  the numbers 100 to 109: the temperature was in the hundreds
 b.  the numbers 100 to 199: his score went into the hundreds
 c.  the numbers 100 to 999: the price was in the hundreds
5.  (plural) the 100 years of a specified century: in the sixteen hundreds
6.  something representing, represented by, or consisting of 100 units
7.  maths the position containing a digit representing that number followed by two zeros: in 4376, 3 is in the hundred's place
8.  an ancient division of a county in England, Ireland, and parts of the US
 
determiner
9.  a.  amounting to or approximately a hundred: a hundred reasons for that
 b.  (as pronoun): the hundred I chose
10.  amounting to 100 times a particular scientific quantity: a hundred volts
 
Related: hecto-
 
[Old English; related to Old Frisian hunderd, Old Norse hundrath, German hundert, Gothic hund, Latin centum, Greek hekaton]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

hundred
O.E. hundred "a counting of 100," from W.Gmc. *khundrath (cf. O.N. hundrað, Ger. hundert), first element is P.Gmc. *hunda- "hundred" (cf. Goth. hund, O.H.G. hunt), from PIE *kmtom "hundred" (cf. Skt. satam, Avestan satem, Gk. hekaton, L. centum, Lith. simtas, O.Ir. cet, Bret. kant "hundred"). Second
element is P.Gmc. *rath "reckoning, number" (cf. Goth. raþjo "a reckoning, account, number," garaþjan "to count"). O.E. also used simple hund, as well as hund-teontig. Meaning "division of a county or shire with its own court" (still in some British place names and U.S. state of Delaware) was in O.E. and probably represents 100 hides of land. The Hundred Years War (which ran intermittently from 1337 to 1453) was first so called in 1874.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

hundred

see by the dozen (hundred).

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences
The salaries are reported in thousands of dollars and are rounded to the
  nearest hundred.
The sounds of cantors from a hundred synagogues mingle with calls to prayer
  from mosques.
Given the fluctuation of sea levels in the past few hundred thousand years,
  that is no surprise.
Presumably, the government would have rather kept its billion-dollar boondoggle
  to itself for another two hundred years.
Idioms & Phrases
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