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hundred

[huhn-drid] /ˈhʌn drɪd/
noun, plural hundreds (as after a numeral) hundred.
1.
a cardinal number, ten times ten.
2.
a symbol for this number, as 100 or C.
3.
a set of this many persons or things:
a hundred of the men.
4.
hundreds, a number between 100 and 999, as in referring to an amount of money:
Property loss was only in the hundreds of dollars.
5.
Informal.
  1. a hundred-dollar bill.
  2. the sum of one hundred dollars.
6.
(formerly) an administrative division of an English county.
7.
a similar division in colonial Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Virginia, and in present-day Delaware.
8.
Also called hundred's place. Mathematics.
  1. (in a mixed number) the position of the third digit to the left of the decimal point.
  2. (in a whole number) the position of the third digit from the right.
adjective
9.
amounting to one hundred in number.
Origin
950
before 950; Middle English, Old English (cognate with Old Frisian hundred, Old Saxon hundred, Old Norse hundrath, Dutch honderd, German hundert), equivalent to hund 100 (cognate with Gothic hund; akin to Latin centum, Greek hekatón, Avestan satəm, Sanskrit śatám, OCS sŭto, Lithuanian šímtas) + -red tale, count, akin to Gothic rathjan to reckon (see read1)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for hundred
  • The salaries are reported in thousands of dollars and are rounded to the nearest hundred.
  • The sounds of cantors from a hundred synagogues mingle with calls to prayer from mosques.
  • Given the fluctuation of sea levels in the past few hundred thousand years, that is no surprise.
  • Presumably, the government would have rather kept its billion-dollar boondoggle to itself for another two hundred years.
  • Three hundred copies were snapped up within a few minutes.
  • Locals held a counter-rally perhaps a hundred times larger.
  • We often think of the moon as a place, but in fact it is a hundred million places, an archipelago of solitude.
  • And a few hundred people actually showed up to vote.
  • Football games with a hundred thousand fans in the stands.
  • The whirlwind destroyed or damaged more than a hundred buildings before dissipating.
British Dictionary definitions for hundred

hundred

/ˈhʌndrəd/
noun (pl) -dreds, -dred
1.
the cardinal number that is the product of ten and ten; five score See also number (sense 1)
2.
a numeral, 100, C, etc, representing this number
3.
(often pl) a large but unspecified number, amount, or quantity: there will be hundreds of people there
4.
the hundreds
  1. the numbers 100 to 109: the temperature was in the hundreds
  2. the numbers 100 to 199: his score went into the hundreds
  3. the numbers 100 to 999: the price was in the hundreds
5.
(pl) the 100 years of a specified century: in the sixteen hundreds
6.
something representing, represented by, or consisting of 100 units
7.
(maths) the position containing a digit representing that number followed by two zeros: in 4376, 3 is in the hundred's place
8.
an ancient division of a county in England, Ireland, and parts of the US
determiner
9.
  1. amounting to or approximately a hundred: a hundred reasons for that
  2. (as pronoun): the hundred I chose
10.
amounting to 100 times a particular scientific quantity: a hundred volts
related
prefix hecto-
Word Origin
Old English; related to Old Frisian hunderd, Old Norse hundrath, German hundert, Gothic hund, Latin centum, Greek hekaton
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for hundred
n.

Old English hundred "the number of 100, a counting of 100," from West Germanic *hundrath (cf. Old Norse hundrað, German hundert); first element is Proto-Germanic *hundam "hundred" (cf. Gothic hund, Old High German hunt), from PIE *km-tom "hundred," reduced from *dkm-tom- (cf. Sanskrit satam, Avestan satem, Greek hekaton, Latin centum, Lithuanian simtas, Old Church Slavonic suto, Old Irish cet, Breton kant "hundred"), from *dekm- "ten" (see ten).

Second element is Proto-Germanic *rath "reckoning, number" (cf. Gothic raþjo "a reckoning, account, number," garaþjan "to count;" see read (v.)). The common word for the number in Old English was simple hund, and Old English also used hund-teontig.

In Old Norse hundrath meant 120, that is the long hundred of six score, and at a later date, when both the six-score hundred and the five-score hundred were in use, the old or long hundred was styled hundrath tolf-roett ... meaning "duodecimal hundred," and the new or short hundred was called hundrath ti-rætt, meaning "decimal hundred." "The Long Hundred and its use in England" was discussed by Mr W.H. Stevenson, in 1889, in the Archcæological Review (iv. 313-27), where he stated that amongst the Teutons, who longest preserved their native customs unimpaired by the influence of Latin Christianity, the hundred was generally the six-score hundred. The short hundred was introduced among the Northmen in the train of Christianity. ["Transactions" of the Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society, 1907]
Meaning "division of a county or shire with its own court" (still in some British place names and U.S. state of Delaware) was in Old English and probably represents 100 hides of land. The Hundred Years War (which ran intermittently from 1337 to 1453) was first so called in 1874. The original Hundred Days was the period between Napoleon's restoration and his final abdication in 1815.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with hundred

hundred

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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12
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