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[hahy-druh-kahr-buh n, hahy-druh-kahr-] /ˌhaɪ drəˈkɑr bən, ˈhaɪ drəˌkɑr-/
any of a class of compounds containing only hydrogen and carbon, as an alkane, methane, CH 4 , an alkene, ethylene, C 2 H 4 , an alkyne, acetylene, C 2 H 2 , or an aromatic compound, benzene, C 6 H 6 .
Origin of hydrocarbon
1820-30; hydro-2 + carbon
Related forms
hydrocarbonaceous, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for hydrocarbon


any organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen, such as the alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, terpenes, and arenes
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for hydrocarbon

"compound of hydrogen and carbon," 1826, formed in English from hydrogen + carbon.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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hydrocarbon in Medicine

hydrocarbon hy·dro·car·bon (hī'drə-kär'bən)
An organic compound, such as benzene and methane, that contains only carbon and hydrogen.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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hydrocarbon in Science
Any of numerous organic compounds, such as benzene, that contain only carbon and hydrogen.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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