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hydrocarbon

[hahy-druh-kahr-buh n, hahy-druh-kahr-] /ˌhaɪ drəˈkɑr bən, ˈhaɪ drəˌkɑr-/
noun
1.
any of a class of compounds containing only hydrogen and carbon, as an alkane, methane, CH 4 , an alkene, ethylene, C 2 H 4 , an alkyne, acetylene, C 2 H 2 , or an aromatic compound, benzene, C 6 H 6 .
Origin
1820-1830
1820-30; hydro-2 + carbon
Related forms
hydrocarbonaceous, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for hydrocarbons
  • He invented the basic methods of artificially binding nitrogen through the use of hydrocarbons.
  • Nitrogen oxide and hydrocarbons from those emissions then cook to form ozone.
  • hydrocarbons become irrelevant against a theoretically unlimited power supply.
  • In the coming decades, ever-improving technologies will almost certainly make new sources of hydrocarbons accessible.
  • Liquid hydrocarbons will remain essential for air transport but not necessarily for shipping.
  • The bacteria react hydrocarbons with water to produce large amounts of methane in a process akin to fermentation.
  • Bloom's fuel cell consumes hydrocarbons but doesn't burn them.
  • He thought the temperatures and pressures of the mantle would convert carbonates and water into hydrocarbons.
  • The government hopes the law will reduce the number of social conflicts involving mining and hydrocarbons.
  • It could be made still more effective in that role by being treated with substances that help to break up hydrocarbons.
British Dictionary definitions for hydrocarbons

hydrocarbon

/ˌhaɪdrəʊˈkɑːbən/
noun
1.
any organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen, such as the alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, terpenes, and arenes
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for hydrocarbons
hydrocarbon
1826, "compound of hydrogen and carbon," formed in Eng. from hydro-, comb. form of Gk. hydor "water" (see water (n.1)) + carbon.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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hydrocarbons in Medicine

hydrocarbon hy·dro·car·bon (hī'drə-kär'bən)
n.
An organic compound, such as benzene and methane, that contains only carbon and hydrogen.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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hydrocarbons in Science
hydrocarbon
  (hī'drə-kär'bən)   
Any of numerous organic compounds, such as benzene, that contain only carbon and hydrogen.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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hydrocarbons in Culture

hydrocarbons definition


Chemical compounds whose main feature is a long chain of carbon atoms bonded to hydrogen atoms. Hydrocarbons are organic molecules.

Note: Many hydrocarbons are used as fuels. Some examples of hydrocarbon fuels are the components of gasoline; methane, which is the main ingredient of natural gas; and some components of wood.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Word of The Day

Difficulty index for hydrocarbon

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Word Value for hydrocarbons

23
24
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