hydrolysis hy·drol·y·sis (hī-drŏl'ĭ-sĭs)
Decomposition of a chemical compound by reaction with water, such as the dissociation of a dissolved salt or the catalytic conversion of starch to glucose.
|hydrolysis (hī-drŏl'ĭ-sĭs) Pronunciation Key
The breaking down of a chemical compound into two or more simpler compounds by reacting with water. The proteins, fats, and complex carbohydrates in food are broken down in the body by hydrolysis that is catalyzed by enzymes in the digestive tract.