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Hyksos

[hik-sohs, -sos] /ˈhɪk soʊs, -sɒs/
noun
1.
a nomadic people who conquered and ruled ancient Egypt between the 13th and 18th dynasties, c1700–1580 b.c.: believed to have been a Semitic people that originally migrated into Egypt from Asia.
Origin
1595-1605
1595-1605; < Greek Hyksṓs, perhaps < Egyptian ḥg(ʾ) ruler + h̬ʾst foreign land
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Hyksos

Hyksos

/ˈhɪksɒs/
noun (pl) -sos
1.
a member of a nomadic Asian people, probably Semites, who controlled Egypt from 1720 bc until 1560 bc
Word Origin
from Greek Huksōs name of ruling dynasty in Egypt, from Egyptian hq's'sw ruler of the lands of the nomads
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Hyksos

c.1600, 15th dynasty of Egyptian kings (1650-1558 B.C.E.), called "Shepherd Kings," from Greek Hyksos, from Egyptian, either hiq shasu "ruler of nomads," or heqa khoswe "chief of foreign lands."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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