hysteron proteron

[his-tuh-ron prot-uh-ron]
noun Rhetoric.
a figure of speech in which the logical order of two elements in discourse is reversed, as in “bred and born” for “born and bred.”

1555–65; < Late Latin < Greek hýsteron (neuter of hýsteros) latter + próteron (neuter of próteros) former

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World English Dictionary
hysteron proteron (ˈhɪstəˌrɒn ˈprɒtəˌrɒn)
1.  logic a fallacious argument in which the proposition to be proved is assumed as a premise
2.  rhetoric a figure of speech in which the normal order of two sentences, clauses, etc, is reversed, as in bred and born (for born and bred)
[C16: from Late Latin, from Greek husteron proteron the latter (placed as) former]

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Word Origin & History

hysteron proteron
1565, from L.L., from Gk., lit. "the latter (put as) the former." A figure of speech in which what should come last is put first, from hysteron, neut. of hysteros "latter, second, after" (from PIE *ud-tero-, from base *ud- "up, out;" see out) + proteron, neut. of proteros "former."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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