idiophone

World English Dictionary
idiophone (ˈɪdɪəˌfəʊn)
 
n
music a percussion instrument, such as a cymbal or xylophone, made of naturally sonorous material
 
idiophonic
 
adj

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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

idiophone

class of musical instruments in which a resonant solid material-such as wood, metal, or stone-vibrates to produce the initial sound. The eight basic types are concussion, friction, percussion, plucked, scraped, shaken, stamped, and stamping. In many cases, as in the gong, the vibrating material itself forms the instrument's body. Other examples include xylophones and rattles.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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