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idiophone

/ˈɪdɪəˌfəʊn/
noun
1.
(music) a percussion instrument, such as a cymbal or xylophone, made of naturally sonorous material
Derived Forms
idiophonic (ˌɪdɪəˈfɒnɪk) adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for idiophone

class of musical instruments in which a resonant solid material-such as wood, metal, or stone-vibrates to produce the initial sound. The eight basic types are concussion, friction, percussion, plucked, scraped, shaken, stamped, and stamping. In many cases, as in the gong, the vibrating material itself forms the instrument's body. Other examples include xylophones and rattles.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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