variant of -er1, usually in nouns designating trades: collier; clothier; furrier; glazier.
Origin: Middle English-ier(e), variant of -yer(e) (cf. -yer), equivalent to -i- v. stem ending + -ere-er1, probably reinforced by Old French-ier < Latin-ārius-ary (cf. soldier)
a nounsuffix occurring mainly in loanwords from French, often simply a spelling variant of -eer, with which it is etymologically identical (bombardier; brigadier; financier; grenadier ); it is also found on an older and semantically more diverse group of loanwords that have stress on the initial syllable (barrier; courier; courtier; terrier ). Recent loanwords from French may maintain the modern French pronunciation with loss of the final rsound (croupier; dossier; hotelier ).