variant of -er1, usually in nouns designating trades: collier; clothier; furrier; glazier.

Middle English -ier(e), variant of -yer(e) (cf. -yer), equivalent to -i- v. stem ending + -ere -er1, probably reinforced by Old French -ier < Latin -ārius -ary (cf. soldier) Unabridged


a noun suffix occurring mainly in loanwords from French, often simply a spelling variant of -eer, with which it is etymologically identical (bombardier; brigadier; financier; grenadier ); it is also found on an older and semantically more diverse group of loanwords that have stress on the initial syllable (barrier; courier; courtier; terrier ). Recent loanwords from French may maintain the modern French pronunciation with loss of the final r sound (croupier; dossier; hotelier ).

< French, Old French < Latin -ārius, -āria, -ārium -ary; cf. -aire, -eer, -er2 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
suffix forming nouns
a variant of -eer : brigadier
[from Old English -ere-er1 or (in some words) from Old French -ier, from Latin -ārius-ary]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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