lowest part of the small intestine, 1680s, medical Latin, from ileum, singular created from classical Latin plural ilia "groin, flank," in classical Latin, "belly, the abdomen below the ribs," poetically, "entrails, guts." Sense restriction and form apparently from confusion with Greek eileos (see ileus). Earlier in English ylioun (late 14c.), from Medieval Latin ileon. Related: Ileitis.
ileum il·e·um (ĭl'ē-əm)
n. pl. il·e·a (-ē-ə)
The third and terminal portion of the small intestine, extending from the jejunum to the cecum.