impasto

[im-pas-toh, -pah-stoh]
noun Painting.
1.
the laying on of paint thickly.
2.
the paint so laid on.
3.
enamel or slip applied to a ceramic object to form a decoration in low relief.

Origin:
1775–85; < Italian, noun derivative of impastare to impaste

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
impasto (ɪmˈpæstəʊ)
 
n
1.  paint applied thickly, so that brush and palette knife marks are evident
2.  the technique of applying paint in this way
 
[C18: from Italian, from impastare; see impaste]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

impasto

paint that is applied to a canvas or panel in quantities that make it stand out from the surface. Impasto was used frequently to mimic the broken-textured quality of highlights-i.e., the surfaces of objects that are struck by an intense light. Impasto came into its own in the 17th century, when such Baroque painters as Rembrandt, Frans Hals, and Diego Velazquez used skillfully and minutely worked impastos to depict lined and wrinkled skin or the sparkle of elaborately crafted armour, jewelry, and rich fabrics. The 19th-century painter Vincent van Gogh made notable use of impastos, building up and defining the forms in his paintings with thick, nervous dabs of paint. Twentieth-century painters such as Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning often applied impastos with a dynamism and a gestural bravura that emphasized the physical qualities of the paint itself. Since then, raw pigments applied thickly to a canvas have become a staple technique of modern abstract and semifigurative painting.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
These are skilful works with impressionistic brush-strokes and rich impasto.
Casein paint is used on paper or board for light impasto, underpainting, and
  wall decoration.
It is relatively thinly applied with a certain amount of impasto in the flowers
  and some highlights.
The flattened impasto is, presumably, a consequence of previous treatments.
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