imperial

1 [im-peer-ee-uhl]
adjective
1.
of, like, or pertaining to an empire.
2.
of, like, or pertaining to an emperor or empress.
3.
characterizing the rule or authority of a sovereign state over its dependencies.
4.
of the nature or rank of an emperor or supreme ruler.
5.
of a commanding quality, manner, aspect, etc.
6.
domineering; imperious.
7.
befitting an emperor or empress; regal; majestic; very fine or grand; magnificent.
8.
of special or superior size or quality, as various products and commodities.
9.
(of weights and measures) conforming to the standards legally established in Great Britain.
noun
10.
a size of printing or drawing paper, 22 × 30 inches (56 × 76 cm) in England, 23 × 33 inches (58 × 84 cm) in America.
11.
imperial octavo, a size of book, about 8¼ × 11½ inches (21 × 29 cm), untrimmed, in America, and 7½ × 11 inches (19 × 28 cm), untrimmed, in England. Abbreviation: imperial 8vo
12.
imperial quarto, Chiefly British. a size of book, about 11 × 15 inches (28 × 38 cm), untrimmed. Abbreviation: imperial 4to
13.
the top of a carriage, especially of a diligence.
14.
a case for luggage carried there.
15.
a member of an imperial party or of imperial troops.
16.
an emperor or empress.
17.
any of various articles of special size or quality.
18.
an oversized bottle used especially for storing Bordeaux wine, equivalent to 8 regular bottles or 6 liters (6.6 quarts).

Origin:
1325–75; Middle English < Late Latin imperiālis, equivalent to Latin imperi(um) imperium + -ālis -al1; replacing Middle English emperial < Middle French < Late Latin, as above

imperially, adverb
imperialness, noun


6. despotic, high-handed, authoritarian.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

imperial

2 [im-peer-ee-uhl]
noun
a small, pointed beard beneath the lower lip.

Origin:
1835–45; < French impériale, noun use of feminine of impérial imperial1

imperial

3 [im-peer-ee-uhl]
noun
a Russian gold coin originally worth 10 rubles and from 1897 to 1917 worth 15 rubles.

Origin:
1830–40; < Russian imperiálMedieval Latin imperiālis a coin, noun use of Late Latin imperiālis imperial1

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
imperial (ɪmˈpɪərɪəl)
 
adj
1.  of or relating to an empire, emperor, or empress
2.  characteristic of or befitting an emperor; majestic; commanding
3.  characteristic of or exercising supreme authority; imperious
4.  (esp of products and commodities) of a superior size or quality
5.  (usually prenominal) (of weights, measures, etc) conforming to standards or definitions legally established in Britain: an imperial gallon
 
n
6.  any of various book sizes, esp 7½ by 11 inches (imperial octavo) or (chiefly Brit) 11 by 15 inches (imperial quarto)
7.  a size of writing or printing paper, 23 by 31 inches (US and Canadian) or 22 by 30 inches (Brit)
8.  (formerly) a Russian gold coin originally worth ten roubles
9.  (US)
 a.  the top of a carriage, such as a diligence
 b.  a luggage case carried there
10.  architect a dome that has a point at the top
11.  a small tufted beard popularized by the emperor Napoleon III
12.  a member of an imperial family, esp an emperor or empress
13.  a red deer having antlers with fourteen points
 
[C14: from Late Latin imperiālis, from Latin imperium command, authority, empire]
 
im'perially
 
adv
 
im'perialness
 
n

Imperial (ɪmˈpɪərɪəl)
 
adj
1.  (sometimes not capital) of or relating to a specified empire, such as the British Empire
 
n
2.  a supporter or soldier of the Holy Roman Empire

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

imperial
late 14c., "having a commanding quality," from O.Fr. imperial (12c.), from L. imperialis "of the empire or emperor," from imperium (see empire). Meaning "of or pertaining to an empire" (especially the Roman) is from late 14c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Then the global capitalist system was held together by the imperial powers.
That's not a particularly pretty distinction, since the latter is mostly a
  leftover of the country's imperial era.
And there's a definite whiff of imperial ambition in the air once again.
For centuries, the city's hulking official buildings served as reminders of the
  awesome power of the imperial state.
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