|1.||any of various aromatic substances burnt for their fragrant odour, esp in religious ceremonies|
|2.||the odour or smoke so produced|
|3.||any pleasant fragrant odour; aroma|
|4.||rare homage or adulation|
|5.||to burn incense in honour of (a deity)|
|6.||(tr) to perfume or fumigate with incense|
|[C13: from Old French encens, from Church Latin incensum, from Latin incendere to kindle]|
a fragrant composition prepared by the "art of the apothecary." It consisted of four ingredients "beaten small" (Ex. 30:34-36). That which was not thus prepared was called "strange incense" (30:9). It was offered along with every meat-offering; and besides was daily offered on the golden altar in the holy place, and on the great day of atonement was burnt by the high priest in the holy of holies (30:7, 8). It was the symbol of prayer (Ps. 141:1,2; Rev. 5:8; 8:3, 4).