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incidental

[in-si-den-tl] /ˌɪn sɪˈdɛn tl/
adjective
1.
happening or likely to happen in an unplanned or subordinate conjunction with something else.
2.
incurred casually and in addition to the regular or main amount:
incidental expenses.
3.
likely to happen or naturally appertaining (usually followed by to).
noun
4.
something incidental, as a circumstance.
5.
incidentals, minor expenses.
Origin
1610-1620
1610-20; incident + -al1
Related forms
incidentalness, noun
nonincidental, adjective
nonincidentally, adverb
unincidental, adjective
unincidentally, adverb
Can be confused
incidence, incidents, incidental.
Synonyms
1. casual, chance, fortuitous; contingent.
Antonyms
1. fundamental.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for incidental
  • As the universe expands the incidental lateral direction of expansion may reduce the effective curvature.
  • In a car, the river becomes much more incidental to the landscape.
  • Most people see climate change as an incidental side-effect when caused by burning fossil fuels.
  • And two: this predisposition is an incidental by-product of cognitive functioning gone awry.
  • It offers a false and pernicious equivalency, as if race were no more than incidental to the struggle.
  • As units, time is only really the face of the clock and there the hands are is incidental, if they even matter at all.
  • But that's an incidental benefit to the parasite investors.
  • The character becomes incidental to the techniques by which it is being explained.
  • The incidental sounds are set forth with imagination, especially during scenes on a train.
  • His proposed tax would affect such incidental items as coffins and flags.
British Dictionary definitions for incidental

incidental

/ˌɪnsɪˈdɛntəl/
adjective
1.
happening in connection with or resulting from something more important; casual or fortuitous
2.
(postpositive) foll by to. found in connection (with); related (to)
3.
(postpositive) foll by upon. caused (by)
4.
occasional or minor: incidental expenses
noun
5.
(often pl) an incidental or minor expense, event, or action
Derived Forms
incidentalness, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for incidental
adj.

"casual, occasional," 1610s, from Medieval Latin incidentalis, from incidens (see incident (n.)). Incidentals (n.) "'occasional' expenses, etc.," is attested by 1707.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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