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indium

[in-dee-uh m] /ˈɪn di əm/
noun, Chemistry
1.
a rare metallic element, soft, white, malleable, and easily fusible, found combined in various ore minerals, especially sphalerite: so called from the two indigo-blue lines in its spectrum. Symbol: In; atomic weight: 114.82; atomic number: 49; specific gravity: 7.3 at 20°C.
Origin
1860-1865
1860-65; < Neo-Latin, equivalent to ind(icum) indigo + -ium -ium
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for indium
  • The researchers layered two semiconducting materials, indium gallium arsenide and aluminum indium arsenide, into a single wafer.
  • The best mix they came up with was an alloy of gallium and indium.
  • indium tin oxide is a thin-film conductor used in flat-panel televisions.
  • The material currently used to make transparent electronics, indium tin oxide, is expensive and brittle.
  • It's made of indium phosphide, a semiconductor prized for its optical properties.
  • Finally, a thin coating of indium tin oxide is deposited to serve as an electrode.
  • Other companies have tried to compete with silicon by using higher-efficiency thin-film panels of copper indium gallium selenide.
  • The same group previously put nano-generators on indium tin oxide electrodes.
British Dictionary definitions for indium

indium

/ˈɪndɪəm/
noun
1.
a rare soft silvery metallic element associated with zinc ores: used in alloys, electronics, and electroplating. Symbol: In; atomic no: 49; atomic wt: 114.82; valency: 1, 2, or 3; relative density: 7.31; melting pt: 156.63°C; boiling pt: 2073°C
Word Origin
C19: New Latin, from indigo + -ium
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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indium in Medicine

indium in·di·um (ĭn'dē-əm)
n.
Symbol In
A soft malleable metallic element found primarily in ores of zinc. Atomic number 49; atomic weight 114.82; melting point 156.60°C; boiling point 2,100°C; specific gravity 7.31; valence 1, 2, 3.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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indium in Science
indium
  (ĭn'dē-əm)   
Symbol In
A soft, malleable, silvery-white metallic element that occurs mainly in ores of zinc and lead. It is used in the manufacture of semiconductors, in bearings for aircraft engines, and as a plating over silver in mirrors. Atomic number 49; atomic weight 114.82; melting point 156.61°C; boiling point 2,080°C; specific gravity 7.31; valence 1, 2, 3. See Periodic Table.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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