inference

[in-fer-uhns, -fruhns]
noun
1.
the act or process of inferring.
2.
something that is inferred: to make rash inferences.
3.
Logic.
a.
the process of deriving the strict logical consequences of assumed premises.
b.
the process of arriving at some conclusion that, though it is not logically derivable from the assumed premises, possesses some degree of probability relative to the premises.
c.
a proposition reached by a process of inference.

Origin:
1585–95; < Medieval Latin inferentia. See infer, -ence

misinference, noun
preinference, noun
superinference, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
inference (ˈɪnfərəns, -frəns)
 
n
1.  the act or process of inferring
2.  an inferred conclusion, deduction, etc
3.  any process of reasoning from premises to a conclusion
4.  logic deduction See also induction the specific mode of reasoning used

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

inference
c.1600, from M.L. inferentia, from inferentem, prp. of inferre (see infer).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

inference definition


In logic, the deriving of one idea from another. Inference can proceed through either induction or deduction.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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FOLDOC
Computing Dictionary

inference definition

logic
The logical process by which new facts are derived from known facts by the application of inference rules.
See also symbolic inference, type inference.
(1995-03-20)
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

inference

see draw an inference.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

inference

in logic, derivation of conclusions from given information or premises by any acceptable form of reasoning. Inferences are commonly drawn (1) by deduction, which, by analyzing valid argument forms, draws out the conclusions implicit in their premises, (2) by induction, which argues from many instances to a general statement, (3) by probability, which passes from frequencies within a known domain to conclusions of stated likelihood, and (4) by statistical reasoning, which concludes that, on the average, a certain percentage of a set of entities will satisfy the stated conditions. See also deduction; implication.

Learn more about inference with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
The proper inference from our work is not that one group is more enlightened,
  or less.
The inference was that the little missile would soon be fired.
Invite volunteers to share the writer's words, what they added from prior
  knowledge, and the inference they drew.
My inference would be that your letters of reference have also arrived.
Idioms & Phrases
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