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inky cap

noun
1.
any mushroom of the genus Coprinus, especially C. atramentarius, characterized by gills that disintegrate into blackish liquid after the spores mature.
Origin
1920-1925
1920-25
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Encyclopedia Article for inky cap

any member of a group of about 350 cosmopolitan mushroom species belonging to the order Agaricales (phylum Basidiomycota, kingdom Fungi) named for the disintegration of the mushroom cap into an inklike liquid following spore discharge. The inklike liquid has been used for writing. Inky caps grow on wood and dung. The caps of C. atramentarius and C. comatus (shaggy mane, or shaggy cap) are edible when young, before the gills turn black.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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