[in-vuhn-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee]
noun, plural inventories.
a complete listing of merchandise or stock on hand, work in progress, raw materials, finished goods on hand, etc., made each year by a business concern.
the objects or items represented on such a list, as a merchant's stock of goods.
the aggregate value of a stock of goods.
raw material from the time of its receipt at an industrial plant for manufacturing purposes to the time it is sold.
a detailed, often descriptive, list of articles, giving the code number, quantity, and value of each; catalog.
a formal list of movables, as of a merchant's stock of goods.
a formal list of the property of a person or estate.
a tally of one's personality traits, aptitudes, skills, etc., for use in counseling and guidance.
a catalog of natural resources, especially a count or estimate of wildlife and game in a particular area.
the act of making a catalog or detailed listing.
verb (used with object), inventoried, inventorying.
to make an inventory of; enter in an inventory; catalog.
to take stock of; evaluate: to inventory one's life and accomplishments.
to summarize: to inventory the progress in chemistry.
to keep an available supply of (merchandise); stock.
verb (used without object), inventoried, inventorying.
to have value as shown by an inventory: stock that inventories at two million dollars.

1375–1425; late Middle English inventorie < Medieval Latin inventōrium; see invent, -tory2

inventoriable, adjective
inventorial, adjective
inventorially, adverb
overinventoried, adjective
preinventory, noun, plural preinventories.

5. roster, record, register, account. See list1. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
inventory (ˈɪnvəntərɪ, -trɪ)
1.  a detailed list of articles, goods, property, etc
2.  chiefly (US) (often plural) accounting
 a.  the amount or value of a firm's current assets that consist of raw materials, work in progress, and finished goods; stock
 b.  such assets individually
vb , -tories, -torying, -toried
3.  (tr) to enter (items) in an inventory; make a list of
[C16: from Medieval Latin inventōrium; see invent]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

early 15c., from M.Fr. inventaire "detailed list of goods," from M.L. inventorium "list of what is found," from L. inventus, pp. of invenire "to find" (see invention). The verb is first recorded c.1600.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

inventory definition

An itemized list of a firm's goods that have not yet been sold.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
In open-loop applications, the focus is beginning to shift beyond simple
  stock-taking and inventory control.
Order, maintain, and inventory supplies and equipment.
Making a home more eco-friendly should start with a quick inventory of your
  energy-guzzling appliances.
There may have been even more, but unless a more complete inventory is found,
  it is impossible to know.
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