|1.||the act of invoking or calling upon some agent for assistance|
|2.||a prayer asking God for help, forgiveness, etc, esp as part of a religious service|
|3.||an appeal for inspiration and guidance from a Muse or deity at the beginning of a poem|
|4.||a. the act of summoning a spirit or demon from another world by ritual incantation or magic|
|b. the incantation used in this act|
a convention of classical literature and of epics in particular, in which an appeal for aid (especially for inspiration) is made to a muse or deity, usually at or near the beginning of the work. Homer's Odyssey, for instance, beginsTell me, Muse, of the man of many ways, who was drivenfar journeys, after he had sacked Troy's sacred citadel.Many were they whose cities he saw, whose minds he learned of,many the pains he suffered in his spirit on the wide sea,struggling for his own life and the homecoming of his companions
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