|the process in which ions are exchanged between a solution and an insoluble solid, usually a resin. It is used to soften water, to separate radioactive isotopes, and to purify certain industrial chemicals|
ion exchange n.
A reversible chemical reaction occurring between an insoluble solid and a solution during which ions may be interchanged, used in the separation of radioactive isotopes.
|ion exchange |
A reversible chemical reaction between two substances (usually a relatively insoluble solid and a solution) during which ions of equal charge may be interchanged. Ion exchange is used in water softening and purification, chemical analysis, the separation of radioactive isotopes, and kidney dialysis. ◇ Cation exchange is the exchange of positively charged ions. ◇ Anion exchange is the exchange of negatively charged ions.