(usually initial capital letter) a member of an Italian association that became prominent in 1878, advocating the redemption, or the incorporation into Italy, of certain neighboring regions (Italia irredenta) having a primarily Italian population.
a member of a party in any country advocating the acquisition of some region included in another country by reason of cultural, historical, ethnic, racial, or other ties.
pertaining to or supporting such a party or its doctrine.

1880–85; < Italian irredentista, equivalent to (Italia) irredent(a) (Italy) unredeemed (feminine of irredento, equivalent to ir- ir-2 + redento < Latin redemptus; see redemption) + -ista -ist

irredentism, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
irredentist (ˌɪrɪˈdɛntɪst)
1.  a person who favours the acquisition of territory that once was part of his country or is considered to have been
2.  of, relating to, or advocating this belief
[C19: from Italian irredentista, from the phrase Italia irredenta, literally: Italy unredeemed, from ir-in-1 + redento redeemed, from Latin redemptus bought back; see redeem]

Irredentist (ˌɪrɪˈdɛntɪst)
(sometimes not capital) a member of an Italian association prominent in 1878 that sought to recover for Italy certain neighbouring regions (Italia irredenta) with a predominantly Italian population that were under foreign control

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1882, member of It. political party which (after 1878) demanded the annexation of neighboring It.-speaking regions (Trieste, S. Tyrol, Nice, Corsica, etc.), from It. Irredentista, from (Italia) irredenta "unredeemed (Italy)."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The move may now dispel an irredentist bogeyman often cited by separatists.
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