irrigate

[ir-i-geyt]
verb (used with object), irrigated, irrigating.
1.
to supply (land) with water by artificial means, as by diverting streams, flooding, or spraying.
2.
Medicine/Medical. to supply or wash (an orifice, wound, etc.) with a spray or a flow of some liquid.
3.
to moisten; wet.

Origin:
1605–15; < Latin irrigātus, past participle of irrigāre to wet, flood, nourish with water, equivalent to ir- ir-1 + rigā- (stem of rigāre to provide with water, soak) + -tus past participle suffix

irrigator, noun
nonirrigated, adjective
nonirrigating, adjective
overirrigate, verb (used with object), overirrigated, overirrigating.
reirrigate, verb (used with object), reirrigated, reirrigating.
unirrigated, adjective
well-irrigated, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
irrigate (ˈɪrɪˌɡeɪt)
 
vb
1.  to supply (land) with water by means of artificial canals, ditches, etc, esp to promote the growth of food crops
2.  med to bathe or wash out a bodily part, cavity, or wound
3.  (tr) to make fertile, fresh, or vital by or as if by watering
 
[C17: from Latin irrigāre, from rigāre to moisten, conduct water]
 
'irrigable
 
adj
 
irri'gation
 
n
 
irri'gational
 
adj
 
'irrigative
 
adj
 
'irrigator
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

irrigate
1623, from L. irrigatus, pp. of irrigare "lead water to, refresh," from in- "in" + rigare "to water, to moisten," of uncertain origin, perhaps cognate with O.E. regn "rain."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

irrigate ir·ri·gate (ĭr'ĭ-gāt')
v. ir·ri·gat·ed, ir·ri·gat·ing, ir·ri·gates
To wash out a cavity or wound with a fluid.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Irrigate artfully with water that sprays off the hoops of this copper kinetic
  sculpture.
Group plants in your garden by water needs and irrigate during early morning to
  conserve water.
He also has to buy feed for his animals because there is no water to irrigate
  crops.
Irrigate once a week or so using a gentle stream of water from the hose or a
  watering can with a narrow spout.
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