city, southeastern Bahia estado (state), northeastern Brazil. It lies just west of Ilheus on the Cachoeira River at 174 feet (53 m) above sea level. Itabuna, which was elevated to city status in 1910, is the trade centre for a rich zone yielding cacao, livestock, and other agricultural products. It was used as a setting by Jorge Amado in his novels dealing with the cacao culture. A chemical factory is located there. Goods are transported to Salvador, the state capital, and to nearby urban centres, such as Ilheus to the east and Vitoria da Conquista to the west, by highway, air, and ocean (via Ilheus). Pop. (2005 est.) 198,100
Learn more about Itabuna with a free trial on Britannica.com.