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Jacquerie

[zhahkuh-ree] /ʒɑkəˈri/
noun
1.
the revolt of the peasants of northern France against the nobles in 1358.
2.
(lowercase) any peasant revolt.
Origin
< French, Middle French, equivalent to jaque(s) peasant (after Jacques, a name thought to be typical of peasants) + -rie -ry
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Jacquerie

Jacquerie

/ʒakri/
noun
1.
the revolt of the N French peasants against the nobility in 1358
Word Origin
C16: from Old French: the peasantry, from jacque a peasant, from Jacques James, from Late Latin Jacōbus
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
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Word Origin and History for Jacquerie

jacquerie

n.

1520s, from Middle French jacquerie "peasants or villeins collectively," from Jacques, the proper name, which is used as Jack is used in English, in the sense of "any common fellow." So, also, "the rising of the northern French peasants against the nobles, 1357-8," from a French usage. Etymologically, Jacques is from Late Latin Iacobus (see Jacob).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for Jacquerie

insurrection of peasants against the nobility in northeastern France in 1358-so named from the nobles' habit of referring contemptuously to any peasant as Jacques, or Jacques Bonhomme

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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