Jamaica

Jamaica

[juh-mey-kuh]
noun
1.
an island in the West Indies, S of Cuba. 4413 sq. mi. (11,430 sq. km).
2.
a republic coextensive with this island: formerly a British colony; became independent in 1962, retaining membership in the Commonwealth of Nations. Capital: Kingston.
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World English Dictionary
Jamaica (dʒəˈmeɪkə)
 
n
an island and state in the Caribbean: colonized by the Spanish from 1494 onwards, large numbers of Black slaves being imported; captured by the British in 1655 and established as a colony in 1866; gained full independence in 1962; a member of the Commonwealth. Exports: chiefly bauxite and alumina, sugar, and bananas. Official language: English. Religion: Protestant majority. Currency: Jamaican dollar. Capital: Kingston. Pop: 2 676 000 (2004 est). Area: 10 992 sq km (4244 sq miles)

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Jamaica
West Indian island, from Taino (Arawakan). The Jamaica in New York probably is a Delaware (Algonquian) word meaning "beaver pond" alt. by infl. of the island name.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

Jamaica definition


Nation in the West Indies, situated south of Cuba and west of Haiti, in the Caribbean Sea. Its capital and largest city is Kingston.

Note: It was the leading world sugar producer in the eighteenth century, when a large slave population grew up around sugar plantations.
Note: A British colony from 1865 to 1962, Jamaica then became completely independent.
Note: The country has a high level of poverty.
Note: Tourism is a major industry.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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