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jar1

[jahr] /dʒɑr/
noun
1.
a broad-mouthed container, usually cylindrical and of glass or earthenware:
a cookie jar.
2.
the quantity such a container can or does hold.
Origin
1585-1595
1585-95; < Middle French jarre < Old Provençal jarra < Arabic jarrah earthen water vessel
Related forms
jarless, adjective

jar2

[jahr] /dʒɑr/
verb (used without object), jarred, jarring.
1.
to have a harshly unpleasant or perturbing effect on one's nerves, feelings, thoughts, etc.:
The sound of the alarm jarred.
2.
to produce a harsh, grating sound; sound discordantly.
3.
to vibrate audibly; rattle:
The window jarred in the frame.
4.
to vibrate or shake.
5.
to conflict, clash, or disagree.
verb (used with object), jarred, jarring.
6.
to cause to rattle or shake.
7.
to have a sudden and unpleasant effect upon (the feelings, nerves, etc.):
The burglary violently jarred their sense of security.
8.
to cause to sound harshly or discordantly.
noun
9.
a jolt or shake; a vibrating movement, as from concussion.
10.
a sudden unpleasant effect upon the mind or feelings; shock.
11.
a harsh, grating sound.
12.
a discordant sound or combination of sounds.
13.
a quarrel or disagreement, especially a minor one.
Origin
1520-30; probably imitative; cf. chirr
Related forms
jarringly, adverb
unjarred, adjective
unjarring, adjective

jar3

[jahr] /dʒɑr/
noun
1.
Archaic. a turn or turning.
Idioms
2.
on the jar, partly opened; ajar:
The window was on the jar.
Origin
1665-75; variant of char3, chare; cf. ajar2
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for jar
  • These were preserved in alcohol and kept in a pottery jar by the eunuch.
  • The paper is placed in a jar containing a shallow layer of solvent and sealed.
British Dictionary definitions for jar

jar1

/dʒɑː/
noun
1.
a wide-mouthed container that is usually cylindrical, made of glass or earthenware, and without handles
2.
Also jarful. the contents or quantity contained in a jar
3.
(Brit, informal) a glass of alcoholic drink, esp beer: to have a jar with someone
4.
(obsolete) a measure of electrical capacitance
Word Origin
C16: from Old French jarre, from Old Provençal jarra, from Arabic jarrah large earthen vessel

jar2

/dʒɑː/
verb jars, jarring, jarred
1.
to vibrate or cause to vibrate
2.
to make or cause to make a harsh discordant sound
3.
(often foll by on) to have a disturbing or painful effect (on the nerves, mind, etc)
4.
(intransitive) to disagree; clash
noun
5.
a jolt or shock
6.
a harsh discordant sound
Derived Forms
jarring, adjective
jarringly, adverb
Word Origin
C16: probably of imitative origin; compare Old English cearran to creak

jar3

/dʒɑː/
noun
1.
on a jar, on the jar, (of a door) slightly open; ajar
Word Origin
C17 (in the sense: turn): from earlier char, from Old English cierran to turn; see ajar1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for jar
v.

1520s, "to make a harsh, grating sound," usually said to be echoic or imitative, but no one explains how, or of what. Figurative sense of "have an unpleasant effect on" is from 1530s; that of "cause to vibrate or shake" is from 1560s. Related: Jarred; jarring.

n.

"cylindrical vessel," early 15c., possibly from Middle French jarre "liquid measure" (smaller than a barrel), 12c., from Provençal jarra, from Arabic jarrah "earthen water vessel" (whence also Spanish jarra, Italian giarra) [Klein].

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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jar in Technology
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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10
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