jasper

jasper

1 [jas-per]
noun
1.
a compact, opaque, cryptocrystalline variety of quartz, usually colored red: often used in decorative carvings.
2.
Also called jasper ware, cameo ware. a fine, hard stoneware introduced c1775 by Wedgwood, stained various colors by metallic oxides, with raised designs in white.

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English jaspe, jaspre < Middle French; Old French jaspe < Latin iaspis < Greek iáspis < Semitic; compare Arabic yashb

Dictionary.com Unabridged

jasper

2 [jas-per]
noun Older Slang.
a fellow; guy.

Origin:
1895–1900, Americanism; special use of proper name Jasper

Jasper

[jas-per]
noun
1.
a city in NW Alabama.
2.
a resort town in SW Alberta, in SW Canada, on the Athabasca River: headquarters for jasper National Park.
3.
a male given name, form of Caspar.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
jasper (ˈdʒæspə)
 
n
1.  an opaque impure microcrystalline form of quartz, red, yellow, brown, or dark green in colour, used as a gemstone and for ornamental decoration
2.  Also called: jasper ware a dense hard stoneware, invented in 1775 by Wedgwood, capable of being stained throughout its substance with metallic oxides and used as background for applied classical decoration
 
[C14: from Old French jaspe, from Latin jaspis, from Greek iaspis, of Semitic origin; related to Assyrian ashpū, Arabic yashb, Hebrew yāshpheh]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

jasper
c.1300, from Anglo-Fr. jaspre, from O.Fr. jaspe, from L. iaspidem (nom. iaspis), from Gk. iaspis "jasper," via an Oriental language (cf. Heb. yashpeh, Akkad. yashupu), ult. from Pers. yashp.

Jasper
masc. proper name, Eng. form of Caspar or of Gaspar, the traditional name of one of the Three Kings. Used from 1896 for "a rustic simpleton."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
jasper   (jās'pər)  Pronunciation Key 
A reddish, brown, or yellow variety of chert. Jasper usually occurs in association with iron ores and contains iron impurities that give it its color.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Jasper definition


(Heb. yashpheh, "glittering"), a gem of various colours, one of the twelve inserted in the high priest's breast-plate (Ex. 28:20). It is named in the building of the New Jerusalem (Rev. 21:18, 19). It was "most precious," "clear as crystal" (21:11). It was emblematic of the glory of God (4:3).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

jasper

unincorporated place, western Alberta, Canada. It lies at the confluence of the Athabasca and Miette rivers, near the British Columbia border, and is the headquarters of Jasper National Park. Jasper Hawes of the North West Company established a fur-trading post on nearby Jasper Lake about 1801. Since the conservation of the area (1907) as a national park and the building of the Jasper Park Lodge (1922) and the Jasper-Banff highway, the locality, overlooked by spectacular peaks, has become a popular Canadian Rocky Mountain resort. Maligne and Pyramid lakes, Miette Hotsprings, and the Columbia Icefield are among the local attractions. Jasper is also a divisional point on the Canadian National Railway. Pop. (1981) 3,269.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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