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Joliet

[joh-lee-et; for 1 also French zhaw-lye] /ˌdʒoʊ liˈɛt; for 1 also French ʒɔˈlyɛ/
noun
1.
Louis
[lwee] /lwi/ (Show IPA),
1645–1700, French explorer of the Mississippi, born in Canada.
2.
a city in NE Illinois.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Joliet in Technology
standard, storage
An extension of the ISO 9660:1988 ISO standard file system for CD-ROMs that allows Unicode characters in file names and other enhancements. Version 1 of Joliet was released on 1995-05-22.
Joiliet supports file and directory names up to 128 bytes (64 unicode characters) long, directory names with file name extensions, a directory hierarchy deeper than 8 levels and the volume recognition sequence supports multisession.
Joliet uses ISO 9660's "supplementary volume descriptor" (SVD) to specify Unicode files. Use of the previously unused escape sequence ISO 2022 means that Joliet is backward compatible with ISO 9660..
(http://www-plateau.cs.berkeley.edu/people/chaffee/jolspec.html).
(2006-09-25)
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Encyclopedia Article for Joliet

city, seat (1845) of Will county, northeastern Illinois, U.S. It lies on the Des Plaines River, about 40 miles (65 km) southwest of downtown Chicago. Settled in 1833, it was initially named Juliet by James B. Campbell, a settler from Ottawa and an official with the Board of Canal Commissioners, in honour of his daughter. It was renamed in 1845 for Louis Jolliet, the French Canadian explorer who visited the site in 1673. Joliet was once known as "Stone City" for its limestone, which was used throughout the Midwest (e.g., in the Rock Island Arsenal, the Illinois State House, and the Lincoln Monument in Springfield). The opening of the Illinois and Michigan Canal (1848), the arrival of the Rock Island Railroad (1852), and the completion of the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal (1900) contributed to the city's expansion as an industrial and agricultural centre and provided outlets for its farm products, manufactures (notably steel and wire), and coal. By the early 1980s the decline of industry had greatly affected the city.

Learn more about Joliet with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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