joust

[joust, juhst, joost]
noun
1.
a combat in which two knights on horseback attempted to unhorse each other with blunted lances.
2.
this type of combat fought in a highly formalized manner as part of a tournament.
3.
jousts, tournament.
4.
a personal competition or struggle.
verb (used without object)
5.
to contend in a joust or tournament.
6.
to contend, compete, or struggle: The candidates will joust in a television debate.
Also, just.


Origin:
1250–1300; (v.) Middle English justen, jousten < Old French juster, joster, jouster to tilt in the lists < Vulgar Latin *juxtāre to approach, clash, derivative of Latin juxtā approaching, bordering; (noun) Middle English juste, jouste < Old French juste, etc., derivative of juster

jouster, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To joust
Collins
World English Dictionary
joust (dʒaʊst)
 
n
1.  a combat between two mounted knights tilting against each other with lances. A tournament consisted of a series of such engagements
 
vb
2.  (intr; often foll by against or with) to encounter or engage in such a tournament: he jousted with five opponents
 
[C13: from Old French jouste, from jouster to fight on horseback, from Vulgar Latin juxtāre (unattested) to come together, from Latin juxtā close]
 
'jouster
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Etymonline
Word Origin & History

joust
c.1300, from O.Fr. joster "to joust, tilt," from V.L. juxtare "to approach, come together, meet," originally "be next to," from L. juxta "beside, near," related to jungere "join" (see jugular). The sport was popular with Anglo-Norman knights.
"These early tournaments were very rough affairs, in every sense, quite unlike the chivalrous contests of later days; the rival parties fought in groups, and it was considered not only fair but commendable to hold off until you saw some of your adversaries getting tired and then to join in the attack on them; the object was not to break a lance in the most approved style, but frankly to disable as many opponents as possible for the sake of obtaining their horses, arms, and ransoms." [L.F. Salzman, "English Life in the Middle Ages," Oxford, 1950]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
Example sentences
The restaurant surrounds a large arena where knights joust on horses and
  sword-fight while the audience cheers.
They were there to joust, wear fantastic costumes, feast and womanise.
So, with little of substance to joust over, lawmakers have been turning their
  attention to some less urgent matters.
Armored knights on stallions joust about the arena below.
Related Words
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature