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[joh-vee-uh l] /ˈdʒoʊ vi əl/
endowed with or characterized by a hearty, joyous humor or a spirit of good-fellowship:
a wonderfully jovial host.
(initial capital letter) of or relating to the god Jove, or Jupiter.
Origin of jovial
1580-90; < Medieval Latin joviālis of Jupiter (the planet, supposed to exert a happy influence), equivalent to Latin jovi- (see Jovian) + -ālis -al1
Related forms
jovially, adverb
jovialness, noun
unjovial, adjective
unjovially, adverb
Can be confused
jocose, jocular, jocund, jovial (see synonym study at the current entry)
1. merry, jolly, convivial, gay, joyful, mirthful. Jovial, jocose, jocular, jocund agree in referring to someone who is in a good humor. Jovial suggests a hearty, joyous humor: a jovial person. Jocose refers to that which causes laughter; it suggests someone who is playful and given to jesting: with jocose and comical airs. Jocular means humorous, facetious, mirthful, and waggish: jocular enough to keep up the spirits of all around him. Jocund, now a literary word, suggests a cheerful, light-hearted, and sprightly gaiety: glad and jocund company.
1. gloomy. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for jovial


having or expressing convivial humour; jolly
Derived Forms
joviality, jovialness, noun
jovially, adverb
Word Origin
C16: from Latin joviālis of (the planet) Jupiter, considered by astrologers to foster good humour
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Contemporary definitions for jovial

pertaining to Jove or Jupiter

Word Origin

Latin jovialis 'pertaining to Jove, Jupiter''s 21st Century Lexicon
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Word Origin and History for jovial

1580s, "under the influence of the planet Jupiter," from Middle French jovial (16c.), from Italian joviale, literally "pertaining to Jupiter," and directly from Latin Iovialis "of Jupiter," from Iovius (used as genitive of Iuppiter) "Jupiter," Roman god of the sky (see Jove). The meaning "good-humored, merry," is from astrological belief that those born under the sign of the planet Jupiter are of such dispositions. Related: Jovially.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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jovial in Technology
(Jule's Own Version of IAL) A version of IAL produced by Jules I. Schwartz in 1959-1960. JOVIAL was based on ALGOL 58, with extensions for large scale real-time programming. It saw extensive use by the US Air Force. The data elements were items, entries (records) and tables.
Versions include JOVIAL I (IBM 709, 1960), JOVIAL II (IBM 7090, 1961) and JOVIAL 3 (1965). Dialects: J3, JOVIAL J73, JS, JTS.
Ada/Jovial Newsletter, Dale Lange +1 (513) 255-4472.
[CACM 6(12):721, Dec 1960].
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010
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Related Abbreviations for jovial


Jules' own version of the international algorithmic language
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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