jujube

[joo-joob]
noun
1.
a small candy or lozenge of gum arabic, gelatin, or the like and fruit flavoring.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English < Medieval Latin jujuba < Latin zīziphum < Greek zízyphon jujube tree

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Collins
World English Dictionary
jujube (ˈdʒuːdʒuːb)
 
n
1.  See also Christ's-thorn any of several Old World spiny rhamnaceous trees of the genus Ziziphus, esp Z. jujuba, that have small yellowish flowers and dark red edible fruits
2.  the fruit of any of these trees
3.  a chewy sweet made of flavoured gelatine and sometimes medicated to soothe sore throats
 
[C14: from Medieval Latin jujuba, modification of Latin zīzyphum, from Greek zizuphon]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

jujube
c.1400, from M.L. jujuba (pl.), from L.L. zizyphum, from zizyphus, an Asiatic tree with datelike fruit, from Gk. zizyphon, from Pers. zayzafun. The meaning "soft candy with date-like flavor" first recorded 1835.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

jujube

either of two species of small, spiny trees of the genus Ziziphus (family Rhamnaceae) and their fruit. Most are varieties of the common jujube (Z. jujuba), native to China, where they have been cultivated for more than 4,000 years. This species, 7.6 to 9 m (25 to 30 feet) high, has alternate, three-veined, elliptical to ovate leaves 2.5 to 7.6 cm (1 to 3 inches) long. The small yellow flowers are followed by dark brown, round to oblong fruits the size of small plums. The white, crisp pulp surrounds a single large, pointed stone

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
He served us tea, some kind of peanut crunch with dates and jujube fruits.
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