noun, plural juku.
(in Japan) a school, attended in addition to one's regular school, where students prepare for college entrance examinations.

1980–85; < Japanese

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Encyclopedia Britannica


Japanese privately run, after-hours tutoring school geared to help elementary and secondary students perform better in their regular daytime schoolwork and to offer cram courses in preparation for university entry examinations. Juku range from individual home-based tutorials to countrywide chains of schools and are staffed largely by retired teachers, moonlighting teachers, and university students. Though most juku emphasize academic subjects important in studies and examinations, some juku offer instruction also in nonacademic arts and sports.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Hence, juku have a social function, as well as an academic one.
Only one student had anything negative to say about the juku experience.
Review juku are popular with upper-elementary and junior high school students.
Because juku are for-profit enterprises, juku teachers must make lessons lively and clear.
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