junta

[hoon-tuh, juhn‐, huhn]
noun
1.
a small group ruling a country, especially immediately after a coup d'état and before a legally constituted government has been instituted.
2.
a council.
3.
a deliberative or administrative council, especially in Spain and Latin America.

Origin:
1615–25; < Spanish: a meeting, noun use of feminine of Latin junctus, past participle of jungere to join; see junction


When the word junta was borrowed into English from Spanish in the early 17th century, its pronunciation was thoroughly Anglicized to [juhn-tuh] . The 20th century has seen the emergence and, especially in North America, the gradual predominance of the pronunciation [hoon-tuh] derived from Spanish [hoon-tah] through reassociation with the word's Spanish origins. A hybrid form [huhn-tuh] is also heard.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
junta (ˈdʒʊntə, ˈdʒʌn-, US ˈhʊntə)
 
n
1.  a group of military officers holding the power in a country, esp after a coup d'état
2.  Also called: junto a small group of men; cabal, faction, or clique
3.  a legislative or executive council in some parts of Latin America
 
[C17: from Spanish: council, from Latin junctus joined, from jungere to join]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon
Main Entry:  junta1
Part of Speech:  n
Definition:  a governmental council or committee, esp. one that rules after a revolution
Etymology:  Latin jungere 'to join'
Main Entry:  junta2
Part of Speech:  n
Definition:  a closely knit group; clique; also called junto
Etymology:  Latin jungere 'to join'
Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

junta
1623, "Spanish legislative council," from Sp. junta "council, meeting, convention," from M.L. juncta "joint," from L. juncta, fem. pp. of jungere "to join" (see jugular). Meaning of "political or military group in power" first recorded 1641 as junto (from confusion with
Sp. nouns ending in -o), originally with ref. to the Cabinet Council of Charles I. Modern spelling in this sense is from 1714; popularized 1808 in connection with council formed to resist Napoleon.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
junta [(hoon-tuh, jun-tuh)]

A group of military leaders who govern a country after a coup d'état.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

junta

(Spanish: "meeting"), committee or administrative council, particularly one that rules a country after a coup d'etat and before a legal government has been established. The word was widely used in the 16th century to refer to numerous government consultative committees. The Spanish resistance to Napoleon's invasion (1808) was organized by the juntas provinciales; the national committee was the junta suprema central. In subsequent civil wars or revolutionary disturbances in Spain, Greece, or Latin America, similar bodies, elected or self-appointed, have usually been called juntas.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
The junta spends the money on itself, its arsenal and its absurd new capital.
Not only are there scant signs of change from the repressive ruling junta.
The regime that succeeded him was an uneasy tussle between idealists and a
  would-be military junta.
The military junta continued to restrict aid shipments and proceeded with a
  referendum intended to cement its power.
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