a person versed in the law, as a judge, lawyer, or scholar.

1475–85; < French juriste < Medieval Latin jūrist(a). See jus, -ist

jurist, juror.
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World English Dictionary
jurist (ˈdʒʊərɪst)
1.  a person versed in the science of law, esp Roman or civil law
2.  a writer on legal subjects
3.  a student or graduate of law
4.  (in the US) a lawyer
[C15: from French juriste, from Medieval Latin jūrista; see jus]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1456, "one who practices law," from M.Fr. juriste, from M.L. jurista "jurist," from L. jus, ius (gen. juris) "law," L. ius "law," from PIE *yewes- "law," originally a term of religious cult, perhaps meaning "sacred formula" (cf. L. iurare "to pronounce a ritual formula," Vedic yos "health," Avestan yaoz-da-
"make ritually pure," Ir. huisse "just"). The Gmc. root represented by O.E. æ "custom, law," O.H.G. ewa, Ger. Ehe "marriage," though sometimes associated with this group, seems rather to belong to PIE *ei- "to go." Meaning "a legal writer" is from 1626.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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