justiciar

justiciar

[juh-stish-ee-er]
noun
1.
a high judicial officer in medieval England.
2.
the chief political and judicial officer in England from the reign of William I to that of Henry III.
3.
justiciary ( def 2 ).

Origin:
1475–85; < Medieval Latin jūsticiārius justiciary

justiciarship, noun
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World English Dictionary
justiciar (dʒʌˈstɪʃɪˌɑː)
 
n
English legal history Also called: justiciary the chief political and legal officer from the time of William I to that of Henry III, who deputized for the king in his absence and presided over the kings' courts
 
jus'ticiarship
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

justiciar

early English judicial official of the king who, unlike all other officers of the central administration, was not a member of the king's official household. The justiciarship originated in the king's need for a responsible subordinate who could take a wide view of the affairs of the kingdom, act as regent when the king was abroad, and on other occasions take charge of those matters with which the king had no time to deal. From the very nature of his office his position was superior to that of any household officer.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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