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karst

[kahrst] /kɑrst/
noun, Geology
1.
an area of limestone terrane characterized by sinks, ravines, and underground streams.
Origin of karst
1900-1905
1900-05; < German, generic use of Karst, name of limestone plateau north of Trieste
Related forms
karstic, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for karst
  • The number of endangered karst-dwelling species has been seriously underestimated, the study adds.
  • karst refers to landscapes dominated by easily weathered carbonate rocks such as limestone and dolomite.
  • The lakes flow in a meandering series of waterfalls and streams over dynamic karst topography.
  • karst topography is created by a chemical dissolution process when groundwater circulates through soluble rock.
  • karst groundwater is an incredible natural resource.
  • Cave and karst systems are important for two major reasons.
  • karst terranes are underlain by weathered soluble rocks such as limestone or dolomite.
  • Many researchers have conducted in-depth studies of karst and related features.
  • Major areas of research include karst and fracture flow processes, karst groundwater flow modeling, and groundwater age dating.
  • Most caves are found in karst formations which are geologic areas composed of soluble rocks, such as limestone or gypsum.
British Dictionary definitions for karst

karst

/kɑːst/
noun
1.
(modifier) denoting the characteristic scenery of a limestone region, including underground streams, gorges, etc
Derived Forms
karstic, adjective
Word Origin
C19: German, from Karst, limestone plateau near Trieste
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for karst
n.

name of a high, barren limestone region around Trieste; used by geologists from 1894 to refer to similar landforms. The word is the German form of Slovenian kras.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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