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kern1

[kurn] /kɜrn/ Printing.
noun
1.
a part of the face of a type projecting beyond the body or shank, as in certain italic letters.
verb (used with object)
2.
to form or furnish with a kern, as a type or letter.
3.
to remove a portion of space between (adjacent letters) in preparation for printing.
Origin of kern1
1675-1685
1675-85; < French carne corner of type ≪ Latin cardin- (stem of cardō) hinge

kern2

[kurn] /kɜrn/
noun, Engineering
1.
the central area of any horizontal section of a wall, column, etc., within which the resultant forces of all compressive loads must pass if there is to be only compression at that point.
Origin
< German Kern kernel; see kern4

kern3

or kerne

[kurn] /kɜrn/
noun, Archaic.
1.
a band of lightly armed foot soldiers of ancient Ireland.
2.
(in Ireland and the Scottish Highlands) a soldier.
3.
an Irish peasant, especially a crude or boorish one.
Origin
1325-75; Middle English kerne < Irish ceithern band of foot soldiers; cf. cateran

kern4

[kurn] /kɜrn/ British Dialect
verb (used without object)
1.
(of a tree or plant) to produce or form kernels, hard grain, or seed.
verb (used with object)
2.
to cause to granulate, especially to granulate salt.
3.
to cover with crystalline grains of salt; salt (meat).
noun
4.
Obsolete. a kernel, as of a nut; a grain, as of sand or wheat.
Origin
1275-1325; Middle English kirnen, kerne (v.); akin to kirnelen to develop into seed; see kernel

kern5

[kurn] /kɜrn/
verb (used with object), verb (used without object), noun, Scot. and North England
1.

kern6

[kurn] /kɜrn/
noun, Scot. and North England
1.
kirn2 .

Kern

[kurn] /kɜrn/
noun
1.
Jerome (David) 1885–1945, U.S. composer.
2.
a river in E California, in the Sierra Nevada, flowing S and SW to San Joaquin Valley. 155 miles (249 km) long.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for kern
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Dr. kern, in editing the Malberg glosses, points out that the gloss in Title xlii.

  • That was a whimsical exaggeration of what perhaps had a kern of truth in it.

    Sundry Accounts Irvin S. Cobb
  • The enemy had not less than a dozen machine-guns in and in front of the kern Redoubt.

    Attack Edward G. D. Liveing
  • Besides the kern Canyon there are two which must rank with Yosemite.

    The Book of the National Parks Robert Sterling Yard
  • The kern or cateran of the Highlands was a light-armed infantryman, as opposed to the heavy-armed "gallowglass."

    Lady of the Lake Sir Walter Scott
  • "I got as far as the kern River, but they turned me back," he said between breaths as he drank.

    The Octopus Frank Norris
  • But this was not to consider kern's exceptional skilfulness, known and recognized throughout the Heth Works.

    V. V.'s Eyes Henry Sydnor Harrison
  • See Prof. kern's note on this passage in the various readings of his edition.

    The Gtakaml rya Sra
  • Where was even the solitude be hind the rubber plants which kern had (practically) guaranteed?

    V. V.'s Eyes Henry Sydnor Harrison
British Dictionary definitions for kern

kern1

/kɜːn/
noun
1.
the part of the character on a piece of printer's type that projects beyond the body
verb
2.
(transitive) to furnish (a typeface) with a kern
Word Origin
C17: from French carne corner of type, projecting angle, ultimately from Latin cardō hinge

kern2

/kɜːn/
noun
1.
a lightly armed foot soldier in medieval Ireland or Scotland
2.
a troop of such soldiers
3.
(archaic) a loutish peasant
Word Origin
C14: from Middle Irish cethern band of foot soldiers, from cath battle

kern3

/kɜːn/
noun
1.
(engineering) the central area of a wall, column, etc, through which all compressive forces pass
Word Origin
from German Kern core, heart

Kern

/kɜːn/
noun
1.
Jerome (David). 1885–1945, US composer of musical comedies, esp Show Boat (1927)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for kern
n.

1680s, "part of a metal type projecting beyond the body," as the head of an -f- or the tail of a -j-, from French carne "projecting angle, quill of a pen," from Latin cardinem "hinge."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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