kern

1 [kurn] Printing.
noun
1.
a part of the face of a type projecting beyond the body or shank, as in certain italic letters.
verb (used with object)
2.
to form or furnish with a kern, as a type or letter.
3.
to remove a portion of space between (adjacent letters) in preparation for printing.

Origin:
1675–85; < French carne corner of type ≪ Latin cardin- (stem of cardō) hinge

Dictionary.com Unabridged

kern

2 [kurn]
noun Engineering.
the central area of any horizontal section of a wall, column, etc., within which the resultant forces of all compressive loads must pass if there is to be only compression at that point.

Origin:
< German Kern kernel; see kern4

kern

3 [kurn]
noun Archaic.
1.
a band of lightly armed foot soldiers of ancient Ireland.
2.
(in Ireland and the Scottish Highlands) a soldier.
3.
an Irish peasant, especially a crude or boorish one.
Also, kerne.


Origin:
1325–75; Middle English kerne < Irish ceithern band of foot soldiers; cf. cateran

kern

4 [kurn] British Dialect.
verb (used without object)
1.
(of a tree or plant) to produce or form kernels, hard grain, or seed.
verb (used with object)
2.
to cause to granulate, especially to granulate salt.
3.
to cover with crystalline grains of salt; salt (meat).
noun
4.
Obsolete. a kernel, as of a nut; a grain, as of sand or wheat.

Origin:
1275–1325; Middle English kirnen, kerne (v.); akin to kirnelen to develop into seed; see kernel

kern

5 [kurn]
verb (used with object), verb (used without object), noun Scot. and North England.

kern

6 [kurn]
noun Scot. and North England.
kirn2.

Kern

[kurn]
noun
1.
Jerome (David) 1885–1945, U.S. composer.
2.
a river in E California, in the Sierra Nevada, flowing S and SW to San Joaquin Valley. 155 miles (249 km) long.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
kern or kerne1 (kɜːn)
 
n
1.  the part of the character on a piece of printer's type that projects beyond the body
 
vb
2.  (tr) to furnish (a typeface) with a kern
 
[C17: from French carne corner of type, projecting angle, ultimately from Latin cardō hinge]
 
kerne or kerne1
 
n
 
vb
 
[C17: from French carne corner of type, projecting angle, ultimately from Latin cardō hinge]

kern2 (kɜːn)
 
n
1.  a lightly armed foot soldier in medieval Ireland or Scotland
2.  a troop of such soldiers
3.  archaic a loutish peasant
 
[C14: from Middle Irish cethern band of foot soldiers, from cath battle]

kern3 (kɜːn)
 
n
engineering the central area of a wall, column, etc, through which all compressive forces pass
 
[from German Kern core, heart]

Kern (kɜːn)
 
n
Jerome (David). 1885--1945, US composer of musical comedies, esp Show Boat (1927)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

kern
1683, "part of a metal type projecting beyond the body," as the head of an -f- or the tail of a -j-, from Fr. carne "projecting angle, quill of a pen," from L. cardinem "hinge."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
Example sentences for kern
Drilling operations are concentrated primarily in kern county and the los
  angeles basin.
To the east, and the kern river, across from oildale, to the north.
Kern city kern city is located in southwest bakersfield across from west high
  school.
Old town kern is located primarily around baker street, near the former town of
  sumner.
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