kiblah

kiblah

[kib-luh]
noun Islam.
Also, keblah, kibla.


Origin:
1730–40; < Arabic qiblah

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kiblah or kibla (ˈkɪblɑː)
 
n
Islam the direction of Mecca, to which Muslims turn in prayer, indicated in mosques by a niche (mihrab) in the wall
 
[C18: from Arabic qíblah that which is placed opposite; related to qabala to be opposite]
 
kibla or kibla
 
n
 
[C18: from Arabic qíblah that which is placed opposite; related to qabala to be opposite]

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Encyclopedia Britannica
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kiblah

the direction of the sacred shrine of the Ka'bah in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, toward which Muslims turn five times each day when performing the salat (daily ritual prayer). Soon after Muhammad's emigration (Hijrah, or Hegira) to Medina in 622, he indicated Jerusalem as the qiblah, probably influenced by Jewish tradition. When Jewish-Muslim relations no longer seemed promising, Muhammad changed the qiblah to Mecca.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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