1 [kip-er]
a fish, especially a herring, that has been cured by splitting, salting, drying, and smoking.
this method of curing fish.
a male salmon during or after the spawning season.
verb (used with object)
to cure (herring, salmon, etc.) by splitting, salting, drying and smoking.

before 1000; Middle English kypre, Old English cypera spawning salmon, apparently derivative of cyperen of copper, i.e., copper-colored Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
kipper1 (ˈkɪpə)
1.  a fish, esp a herring, that has been cleaned, salted, and smoked
2.  a male salmon during the spawning season
3.  archaic, derogatory, slang (Austral) an Englishman
4.  (tr) to cure (a fish, esp a herring) by salting and smoking
[Old English cypera, perhaps from copercopper1; referring to its colour]

kipper2 (ˈkɪpə)
a native Australian youth who has completed an initiation rite
[from a native Australian language]

kipper3 (ˈkɪpə)
informal an adult who cannot afford to move away from his or her parents' home
[C21: from k(ids) i(n) p(arents') p(ockets) e(roding) r(etirement) (savings)]

kippered (ˈkɪpəd)
1.  (of fish, esp herring) having been cleaned, salted, and smoked
2.  slang utterly defeated or outwitted

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. cypera "male salmon," perhaps related to coper "reddish-brown metal" (see copper), on resemblance of color. Another theory connects it to kip, name for the sharp, hooked lower jaw of the male salmon in breeding season, from M.E. kippen "to snatch, tug, pull." The modern
word usually refers to kippered herring, from a verb meaning "to cure a fish by cleaning, salting, and spicing it" (1326). The theory is that this was originally done to salmon, hence the name.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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