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knife

[nahyf] /naɪf/
noun, plural knives
[nahyvz] /naɪvz/ (Show IPA)
1.
an instrument for cutting, consisting essentially of a thin, sharp-edged, metal blade fitted with a handle.
2.
a knifelike weapon; dagger or short sword.
3.
any blade for cutting, as in a tool or machine.
verb (used with object), knifed, knifing.
4.
to apply a knife to; cut, stab, etc., with a knife.
5.
to attempt to defeat or undermine in a secret or underhanded way.
verb (used without object), knifed, knifing.
6.
to move or cleave through something with or as if with a knife:
The ship knifed through the heavy seas.
Idioms
7.
under the knife, in surgery; undergoing a medical operation:
The patient was under the knife for four hours.
Origin
1100
before 1100; Middle English knif, Old English cnīf; cognate with Dutch knijf, German Kneif, Old Norse knīfr
Related forms
knifelike, adjective
knifer, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for knife
  • And cutting with a plastic knife is almost impossible.
  • Cut off the head and draw out pinfeathers, using a small pointed knife.
  • Run a small knife around edges to loosen, then transfer to a cutting board using parchment.
  • Lift confection onto a cutting board using overhang and halve confection with a sharp knife.
  • Hammon, the students wrote, allowed the suicidal student to buy a knife from a souvenir shop.
  • He was found lying by the roadside, with his throat cut, and a knife not far from his body.
  • At first, a knife and an old shirt were enough to purchase a horse.
  • Cut the dough with a dough cutter or knife into desired thickness.
  • Lightly press topping onto dough and use a knife to cut a pattern into the topping, but not into the bread.
  • Spear the block on the end of a knife and hold it above the hole from the inside.
British Dictionary definitions for knife

knife

/naɪf/
noun (pl) knives (naɪvz)
1.
a cutting instrument consisting of a sharp-edged often pointed blade of metal fitted into a handle or onto a machine
2.
a similar instrument used as a weapon
3.
have one's knife in someone, to have a grudge against or victimize someone
4.
twist the knife, to make a bad situation worse in a deliberately malicious way
5.
(Brit) the knives are out for someone, people are determined to harm or put a stop to someone the knives are out for Stevens
6.
under the knife, undergoing a surgical operation
verb (transitive)
7.
to cut, stab, or kill with a knife
8.
to betray, injure, or depose in an underhand way
Derived Forms
knifelike, adjective
knifer, noun
Word Origin
Old English cnīf; related to Old Norse knīfr, Middle Low German knīf
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for knife
n.

late Old English cnif, probably from Old Norse knifr, from Proto-Germanic *knibaz (cf. Middle Low German knif, Middle Dutch cnijf, German kneif), of uncertain origin. To further confuse the etymology, there also are forms in -p-, e.g. Dutch knijp, German kneip. French canif "penknife" (mid-15c.) is borrowed from Middle English or Norse.

v.

1865, from knife (n.). Related: Knifed; knifing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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knife in the Bible

(1.) Heb. hereb, "the waster," a sharp instrument for circumcision (Josh. 5:2, 3, lit. "knives of flint;" comp. Ex. 4:25); a razor (Ezek. 5:1); a graving tool (Ex. 20:25); an axe (Ezek. 26:9). (2.) Heb. maakeleth, a large knife for slaughtering and cutting up food (Gen. 22:6, 10; Prov. 30:14). (3.) Heb. sakkin, a knife for any purpose, a table knife (Prov. 23:2). (4.) Heb. mahalaph, a butcher's knife for slaughtering the victims offered in sacrifice (Ezra 1:9). (5.) Smaller knives (Heb. ta'ar, Jer. 36:26) were used for sharpening pens. The pruning-knives mentioned in Isa. 18:5 (Heb. mizmaroth) were probably curved knives.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with knife
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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12
13
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